These answers to questions from the EAP Study Guide are in a format searchable by browsers. Successful completion of the Engineering as a Profession Exam is required to obtain credit for PDEng15 at the University of Waterloo. The answers are also available in Word format under Files & Media
23. What does a self?regulating profession mean?
Self regulation means engineers participate in association activities and serve in elected positions
24. What is the definition of the practice of professional engineering, according to CCPE?
To promote uniformity of engineering laws throughout Canada
25. What is the purpose of a national definition of professional practice for engineering?
The purpose of this national definition is to promote uniformity of engineering law throughout Canada, thus assisting engineers to practice engineering in different provinces and territories.
26. What is the difference between an "open" and "closed" profession?
27. Give the time period during which engineering in Ontario was considered an open profession.
Prior to 1922
28. When did engineering become a closed profession in Ontario?
1922, when the PEO was formed
29. What does PEO stand for?
Professional Engineers Ontario
30. How is the practice of professional engineering defined by the Professional Engineers Act, Ontario?
Life health property and the public welfare
31. The Professional Engineers Act places a responsibility on the engineer to ensure that four objectives are protected. What are they? If a job does not require all of these responsibilities, is it a true engineering job?
The board evaluates engineering degree programs in Canada and the accreditation process
32. Can you call yourself a "Professional Engineer" once you receive your Iron Ring?
33. What are the 5 admission requirements for the engineering profession in Ontario?
study register work write good character
34. What is the role of the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB) in Canada?
the board evaluates engineering degree programs in Canada and the accreditation process
35. Can someone without a CEAB?accredited engineering degree or equivalent be admitted to the engineering profession?
Applicants without the CEAB-accredited engineering degrees or equivalent may be admitted to the engineering profession after waiting examinations
36. What are the general requirements for Engineering Experience?
The experience must be at the appropriate level following the confirming of an engineering degree or the completion of equivalent: engineering education
37. What are the 4 main topics covered in the Professional Practice Examination?
Ethics professional practice law and liability
38. What is the earliest that you can write the Professional Practice Examination after you have graduated from an accredited engineering program?
You may not write the examination until one year after graduation from university
39. How long do you have to pass the Professional Practice Examination once you have submitted your licence application?
You must pass the examination no later than two years following the date of submitting the application for membership
40. What is a PEO Certificate of Authorization?
41. The purpose of licensing is to protect the public ? not to protect the engineer. Which group works on behalf of employee engineers?
Ontario society of professional engineers
42. What is the status of the PEO Code of Ethics in the practice of professional engineering?
43. The PEO Code of Ethics imposes duties on the practising engineer. What are the 7 main areas under which these duties fall?
society in general, to employers, to clients, to colleagues, to the engineering profession, and to oneself"
44. What should you do if you are faced with an ethical dilemma at work that forces you to choose between unethical practice and your job?
An employee engineers should never have to choose between unethical behavior and the disruption of employment
45. Regulation 941, Article 77 of The Code of Ethics requires that the professional engineer adhere to 5 main principles of ethical behaviour at all times. What are they? (You may paraphrase).
The association staff is available to provide advice and to mediate
46. What are the basic ethical requirements of a professional engineering in terms of: (you may paraphrase)
47. List 4 characteristics that are essential for any professional organization in order to create a productive and professional workplace.
fair, creative, productive, and professional environment"
48. While students are not legally bound by the PEO Code of Ethics, why should engineering students follow the code while on academic and work terms?
Students on work terms or internships have an obligation to act professionally
49. Why is it considered unethical if a student accepts a job offer and then turns it down in favour of another job?
The students would clearly be behaving unprofessionally
50. Why can't extraneous factors such as race, religion, gender, be taken into consideration when selecting an engineering team?
Such discrimination is contrary to provincial and Federal laws on human rights
51. What kinds of activities constitute an academic offence at the University of Waterloo? (See Policy 71)
52. According to Andrews et al (2006), what should one do if faced with an ethical dilemma at work or school?
53. What is meant by attempting to settle disputes in "good faith"?
courteous direct communication
54. What is meant by whistleblowing? When should one resort to whistleblowing?
External agencies or authorities must be contacted
55. Which PEO committee has the authority to discipline any member shown to be incompetent or guilty of professional misconduct?
56. What are some of the disciplinary measures that the PEO Discipline Committee can take against any member shown to be incompetent or guilty of professional misconduct?
Find revoke or suspend license
57. In Ontario, where are the results of disciplinary hearings published?
58. Under PEO Regulation 941, Section 72 (1) ? Definition of Professional Misconduct, what is the definition of "negligence"?
Negligence means an act or omission in the carrying out of the work of a practitioner that constitutes a failure to maintain the standards of that a reasonable and prudent practitioner would maintain in the circumstances
59. Under PEO Regulation 941, Section 72 (2) ? Definition of Professional Misconduct, there is a list of 13 main breaches of professional conduct. List 5 of them.
60. If an engineer uses a computer program that gives inaccurate or erroneous results, why is the engineer responsible for the results and any outcomes and not the author or the computer program?
legal liability cannot be transferred to the software developer anymore than it can be transferred to an instrument manufacturer because of faulty readings from a voltmeter
61. Andrews et al (2006) recommend that an engineer understand the limitations of a computer program used for solving engineering problems. What are the five "checks" that an engineer must go through before relying on the results of a computer program?
- Be competent in the technical area
- know the type of assistance provided by software
- know the theory and assumptions upon which it was prepared
- know the range and limits of validity
- test software to check accuracy
62. Why is it important to run a test of an engineering application software program against a set of hand calculations or against another independent program?
63. Why should an engineer not use an unauthorized copy of computer software?
Runs a much greater risk of legal or disciplinary action if the project runs into problems
64. What is the definition of plagiarism and why should it be avoided?
Plagiarism is defined as taking intellectual property and passing it off as your own.
65. What is plagiarism and how does it apply to the internet?
Mainly because of the convenience of cutting and pasting information from the Internet
66. What is the significance of a Professional Engineer's Seal on professional engineering documents?
The seal signifies that a licensed professional engineering has approved the documents for use in construction or manufacturing
67. Why should preliminary documents not be sealed?
The engineer who prepared the documents or supervised their preparation should seal them
68. What is the ethical (and potentially legal) concern associated with signing and sealing documents that the engineer has only "checked"?
69. Who wrote the voluntary oath "Obligation of the Engineer"?
70. What is the physical identification worn by engineers who have taken the oath?
By the wearing of an iron ring
71. What is the name of the iron ring ceremony and who conducts it?
Ritual of the calling of the engineer Corporation of the seven wardens
72. What does the wearing of the iron ring signify?
Shows that the wearer and has participated in the ceremony and has voluntarily agreed to abide by the oath or obligation
73. What are the main roles of engineering societies?
to assist engineers
74. What are the main roles of the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE), the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB), and the Canadian Engineering Qualifications Board (CEQB)?
CEAB Advises the associations on the quality of engineering degree programs; CEQB advises the associations on standards for practice admission to the profession and ethical conduct
75. Name two Canadian societies that advocate for engineers.
76. What are the criteria for membership in the Canadian Academy of Engineering?
Record of distinguished service and contribution to society to Canada and to the engineering profession
77. How can an engineering society help you maintain professional competence once you have graduated?
Engineering societies are one of the best and sources of up to date technical information
78. What is the definition of "duty"?
79. What is the definition of "obligation"?
80. What is the definition of "responsibility"?